Risk-factor profiles for chronic diseases of lifestyle and metabolic syndrome in an urban and rural setting in South Africa

Van Zyl, S, Van der Merwe, L, Walsh, CM, Groenewald, AJ, Van Rooyen, FC (2010), Risk-factor profiles for chronic diseases of lifestyle and metabolic syndrome in an urban and rural setting in South Africa , African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine; Vol 4, No 1 (2012), 10 pages. doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v4i1.346.

 

Background: Chronic lifestyle diseases share similar modifiable risk factors, including hypertension, tobacco smoking, diabetes, obesity, hyperlipidaemia and physical inactivity. Metabolic syndrome refers to the cluster of risk factors that increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease.

Objectives: The study aimed to assess health status and identify distinct risk-factor profiles for both chronic lifestyle diseases and metabolic syndrome in rural and urban communities in central South Africa.

 

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