Shale gas mining

Can the Circle be Squared?: An Enquiry into Shale Gas Mining in South Africa’s Karoo

Ingle, M and Atkinson, D (2015), Can the Circle be Squared?: An Enquiry into Shale Gas Mining in South Africa’s Karoo (with Doreen Atkinson), Development Southern Africa (in press).    

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Agriculture

Agriculture is an important contributor to the regional economy. The total Gross Farm Income (GFI) of the region is just over five billion rand (R 5006 million). The agricultural sector in the study area provides a direct source of income for about 38 000 people. Considering the average size of families in the study area […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on Human Health

This Chapter of the scientific assessment focused on potential health impacts of four different shale gas development (SGD) scenarios. The status quo represents Scenario 0 (Reference Case), exploratory drilling representing Scenario 1 (Exploration Only), moderate drilling representing Scenario 2 (Small Gas), and lastly high gas production representing Scenario 3 (Big Gas). The scope of the […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on Heritage in the Karoo

The study area contains a rich layering of heritage resources stretching over some 4.6 billion years. Geological heritage sites and meteorites are the oldest aspects of heritage considered here, while palaeontological resources cover more than 300 million years of prehistory. The archaeological record spans some 2 million years and covers the Early, Middle and Late […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Biodiversity and Ecological Impacts

Nature of the study area and shale gas development (SGD) impacts 1. The study area includes relatively high levels of biodiversity, including highly sensitive and unique ecosystems and -species. Seven different biomes and 58 vegetation types, 119 range- restricted plant species, and 12 globally threatened animal species have been recorded from the study area. See […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on infrastructure and spatial planning

Shale gas development (SGD) is expected to have the following impacts: • Highly likely to be an incremental increase in the construction, upgrading and maintenance of road infrastructure with an associated increase in demand for scarce construction materials (including high quality gravel and water) and increased on-going road maintenance. • Highly likely to be increased […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on Sense of Place Values

It is more meaningful to speak of senses of place in the Karoo rather than to attempt to define a single sense of place for the Karoo. This does not mean that all senses of place are equally valid or that any sense of place is justifiable within all contexts. Senses of place are often […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on Social Fabric 

The term “social fabric” embraces numerous complex and interrelated phenomena, including demographic and economic factors, behavioural issues (e.g. investment choices, political dynamics), social institutions (e.g. families), social organisations (e.g. municipalities and churches), and social networks, or relationships amongst people. The social fabric is underpinned by people’s beliefs and sentiments, including a sense of belonging and […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on the Economy

Shale gas development (SGD) has the potential to yield highly significant economic opportunities, but also bears risks engendered by the extractive nature of SGD. In both respects it parallels other divisions of the mining sector. Previous South African research into the macro-economic opportunities associated with SGD reveals little agreement on likely benefits, their extent, or […]

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Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo – Impacts on Tourism in the Karoo

Experience indicates that mining and tourism invariably end up in conflict with each other. The impacts of shale gas development (SGD) in the study area might, therefore, result in risks for its tourism sector. The tourism sector in the study area is important. Currently it houses about 830 enterprises, the most of any business sector. […]

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