Iipinge, A (2009), “The Impact of Community – Based Conservancy on Community’s Livelihoods: A case of the !Khob !Naub Conservancy, Southern Namibia“, Masters in Development Studies, Centre for Development Support, University of the Free State.
The !Khob !Naub Conservancy, registered and gazetted in 2003 is the largest of the four conservancies in southern Namibia. It is established with the purpose of introducing game to the area, protecting and managing game and other natural resources, exploring tourism development and attracting tourists as well as creating jobs and generating income. The Conservancy is run by the Conservancy Management Committee with the support of 10 support agencies comprises of government institutions and NGOs. There are also Conservancy Coordinator and eight Community Game Guards.
The study was undertaken to assess and analyse the status of assets (natural, social, human, financial and physical) prior and current to the !Khob !Naub Conservancy establishment; to determine the impact of the Conservancy establishment on the community‟s asset base, livelihoods, and income streams; to assess the success and failure of the support agencies to provide livelihoods of community; and to make recommendations for future policies and programmes related to CBNRM in southern Namibia.
The research findings shows that the Conservancy project did not make any difference in the livelihoods of the community and there is no improvement in the resources assets base namely natural, physical, social, human and financial. Game has slightly increased and community receives 2-3kg of meat benefits occasionally. Only few employment opportunities were created. The Conservancy is heavily relying on the support agencies for any assistance as they could not generate sufficient income to cover their own costs. Recommendations are made for further researches and exploration of joint venture and business enterprise opportunities in areas of tourism development and natural resources exploitation.